As you look at the world as a whole, you usually see a division. It could be because of a division between a group’s opinions or just because of factors like income inequality. Polarization is dividing up people and causes the formation of labeled groups to be formed. There are different types of polarization like political polarization. Polarization is seen to spread like fire, especially when dealing with political polarization. Polarization can be seen to be used in more places than others. Like many things in a concept, like polarization, can be seen as a good thing. There are more negative ways to describe political polarization than having to express the good attributes.
Polarization is defined to be a division between two contrasting groups or sets of opinions or beliefs (Bellamy 2020). It causes people to divide across the board based on their ideologies. When you break down polarization, one of the most well-known types is considered to be political polarization. Political polarization is the same concept as polarization, but it branches down to politics. It is breaking down into groups that deal with a particular political ideology. For example, this could deal with political parties or some sort of stand on policies.
Political polarization is used all across the world, mainly in the United States. As we look into the United States government, we can see that there are two major political parties Republican and Democratic Parties. There are other political parties Reform, Libertarian, Socialist, Natural Law, Constitution, and Green Parties (2020). When election times come in the United States, we usually see there is a division between people when it comes to their opinions of politics. As the major parties are recognized by their colors, blue for Democrats and red for Republicans, people label themselves with these colors (Dimock 2014). When you see the voter’s maps of the United States, it can show most states colored in red or blue. This overall shows political polarization has taken a role in the United States election. Election time in the United States is such a crucial time as people align with the political parties they believe align with their opinions or ideology.
There is a global spread when it comes to political polarization. It can be seen as the Covid-19 pandemic. The idea of polarization is contagious. As one person joins a group that aligns with their ideology, people will always follow. It can be seen as shaking up societies across the world (Carothers & O’Donohue 2019). Look at the bases, it is not only an American illness, it is a global one (Carothers & O’Donohue 2019). Political polarization is affecting governments all around the world, especially in democracies. It is taking over in different countries other than the United States. For example, it is tearing the seams of democracies from Brazil to India to Poland and Turkey (Carothers & O’Donohue 2019). Looking into the countries with a polarized democracy, there are some similar patterns or roots that follow along with them. The main aspect that stood out was the decisive polarizing leaders (Carothers & O’Donohue 2019). They are the essential people that cause the tension to rise when dealing with opponents and diminishing the democratic process (Carothers & O’Donohue 2019). Looking more into the spread, social media is a component in causing the spread. As social media is everyone, it causes news (fake or real) to foster people’s opinions on a certain political party (Bellamy 2020).
As political polarization grows, it can be seen to have negative attributes. For example, it can be seen to damage democracies (Carothers & O’Donohue 2019). It is equated with patriotism but also causes the action to destroy the “other” side to become a major goal to look forward to. Along with that aspect, it causes division with the communities (Jilani & Smith 2019). It causes people to essentially demonize each other (Jilani & Smith 2019). People are becoming more violent (Jilani & Smith 2019). People begin to see each other as a competition and not as human beings (Jilani & Smith 2019). This leads to an increase in hate crimes across the world. As many people feel strong with their identities, they become more devoted to speaking out on their opinions, which ends up causing violence as a result (Jilani & Smith 2019).
Polarization is becoming a very common aspect nowadays all across the world. As more and more resources become available to the public, it essentially causes groups to be formed. These groups cause a division between the people. It can be seen as a political distance separating partisans. Political polarization overall hurts the governments, as we can see with the United States government. Sure, there are ways to reduce political polarization, but it is a concept that will stick around as long as there are political parties or different opinionated groups being formed. Political polarization has caused some damage and had some negative views, more so on their opposing parties. This overall shows the danger that rises with the growth of polarization.