While Angela Merkel remains in power for the fourth election in a row, there has been a shift in Germany’s government. For the first time, the country’s far-right party has won seats in parliament.
The AfD (Alternative für Deutschland) party won 13.3 percent of the vote, three times as many votes as the last general election. They are now the third largest party in German parliament.
The AfD has garnered recent criticism for its anti-Islamic and anti-immigrant rhetoric. They are a far-right leaning party that strongly opposes Merkel and her policies, and recently, specifically opposes her refugee policies. Supporters have held rallies alongside anti-Islam groups and party members have called out open immigration policy, asking for more security. The party’s anti-Islam poster campaign, which included phrases such as “Stop Islamisation,” has also sparked outrage.
There are easy comparisons to draw between the situation in Germany and the rise of far-right movements across Europe, and with Trumpism in America. However, the parliamentary system in Germany as well as the strength of Merkel and other leaders make the situation different.
Upon election, members of the AfD have promised to strongly oppose, or “hound” Angela Merkel. According to The Independent, Merkel referred to the AfD’s new seats as “a challenge [for] the future.” Even Martin Schulz, the leader of the opposing SPD party commented that, “What is depressing for us [is] the result of the AfD.”
They seem to already have had some influence. In Merkel’s speech post-election, she commented that security would be a focus of policy in the next months, indicating that the values of far-right voters are in fact being taken into consideration. Merkel herself has acknowledged that the interests of these voters must be considered, and has already woven them into speeches.
While other German leaders may already be calling AfD negative, the question of whether the AfD’s newfound power is good or bad for democracy still stands.
Some may argue that it is negative – that clearly, a far-right, nationalist party gaining power and momentum through fear tactics is a negative thing. That people can be easily convinced and manipulated, and that parties with extreme views are a clear first sign of an eroding democracy.
Others, however, may argue the alternative: that despite the negative messages of the party itself, and whether you believe the morals of the party to be right or wrong, this is democracy at work. The people can elect whomever they choose, but true democracy is leaders such Merkel and Schulz speaking out against these fear tactics, acknowledging the fear of those voters, and pushing forward positively.
Merkel’s push to bring security to the agenda is key to Germany’s future. With this acknowledgment could come a solution. In Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stephan’s The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes, they explain that a strong government comes with the people’s belief that it is the best choice.
In the United States, many are disappointed with the government and are adamantly against all those in power. Germany’s parliamentary system makes this power more even, thus giving more than one group or party the guarantee of being heard. Merkel may have more power than the AfD, but their increased support is a convincing enough reason to begin acknowledging their grievances. Even those who oppose Merkel – AfD supporters – could increase their faith in their government because their concerns have been addressed, however slightly. This could further strengthen Germany’s democracy.
With leaders addressing the concerns of those who support the AfD, it’s possible that this potential obstacle proves to be a positive twist for democracy.
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